Protect Wollemi National Park, save our World Heritage

Protect Wollemi National Park, save our World Heritage

Forming part of the vast Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area, Wollemi National Park is home to many unique species, including the last wild stands of the Wollemi pine.

The Wollemi pine, AKA the Dinosaur tree.

In a nutshell

Wollemi is special because:

Home to the last wild stands of the Wollemi pine

Part of the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area

Home to a global centre of evolution for the species that make Australia, Australia

A culturally significant place for the Wiradjuri, Dharug, Wanaruah and Darkinjung people

Why is it under threat:

Bushfires made worse by climate change

Coal mining on Wollemi National Park's doorstep We won!

Update: On 4 May the NSW government announced it has abandoned plans for coal mines on the edge of Wollemi National Park! Thanks to the Rylstone Region Coal Free Community Group who have fought for a coal free Wollemi and the tens of thousands of Wilderness Society supporters who signed our petitions—Wollemi is safe!

In our special issue of Wilderness Journal, read how the Rylstone community courageously opposed coal mining on the doorstep of Wollemi and, in his own words, read the story of how botanist David Noble discovered the national park's famous pine.

A special place


The vast extent of Wollemi can be seen from the top of the Pagoda Lookout Trail. Image: Tim Beshara

Back in 1994 a botanist, David Noble, found something astonishing while exploring the labyrinthine sandstone formations of Wollemi National Park: a pine tree from the time of the dinosaurs when Australia was part of the supercontinent of Gondwana. It was thriving in a patch of rainforest in a canyon, deep within the national park; evidence of just how ancient and untouched this wilderness is. So precious is the discovery that the National Parks and Wildlife Service keeps the location secret.

Just a couple of hours' drive from Sydney, the second largest national park in New South Wales is a diverse landscape of mountain rainforests, sandstone pagoda outcrops, swamps, forests growing on rich basalt soil and spectacular cliffs. The astounding geology, flora and fauna here meant it received national park status back in 1979.

Wollemi forms the largest and most-intact part of the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area. This World Heritage Site was inscribed to protect the best examples of what makes Australia, Australia. It was established to recognise its exceptional diversity of eucalypts and other quintessential Australian flora like banksias, waratahs, tea-trees, she-oaks and wattles. It is a global centre for the evolution and diversification of these types of plants.

And because of the variety of plants and the environments they create, there is an abundance and diversity of fauna too, including one-third of Australia’s bird species (265), 50 mammals, 30 frogs and over 60 species of reptiles. These include the vulnerable glossy black-cockatoo, spotted-tailed quoll and the critically endangered regent honeyeater.

Keep an eye out for pairs of Gang Gang cockatoos.

The Wiradjuri, Dharug, Wanaruah and Darkinjung people have a strong and ongoing cultural association with their traditional lands and waters in this region. There are 120 Indigenous sites within the park, some of which can be found from easy walks from the Ganguddy-Dunns Swamp campground. Rock art in Wollemi is thought to be between 2,000 and 4,000 years old, with the significant site at Eagle’s Reach containing depictions of animals long since extinct in the area. It’s thought that there could be more like it.

The iconic Pagoda rock formations of Wollemi National Park. Image: Tim Beshara

The high sandstone plateau comprising the World Heritage Area has largely protected the ecology from climatic changes, enabling species like the Wollemi pine to survive for 60 million years. However, the worsening effects of the climate crisis are finally threatening to wipe out the remaining pine trees. The pines were famously rescued by a specialist fire team during the 2019–2020 bushfire season, the destructive extent of which hadn’t been seen in Australia before. Sixty-five percent of Wollemi National Park was burnt.

Download our guide to Wollemi National Park

Watching over Wollemi

Thanks to your support, we were able to spend two days filming spectacular footage of what’s at stake in Wollemi National Park if the NSW government puts a coal mine on its doorstep. The drone flies across neighbouring areas of World Heritage value that you won’t be able to tell apart—which part is a World Heritage Area and which part was earmarked for coal exploration?

On 4 May, the NSW government finally ruled out the third coal lease site on the doorstep of Wollemi, after tens of thousands of people like you signed submissions and wrote to MPs, and supported our initiatives like this drone footage to show what was at stake if coal mining took place here.

What we're doing

Ganguddy (Dunn's Swamp) on the Cudgegong River. Image: Tim Beshara.

The best time to stop a dirty fossil fuel project is before it even starts. We proved that recently at sites near Ningaloo and Gutharraguda (Shark Bay)—and now we’ve proved it again in Wollemi.

By acting quickly, we were able to knock three coal lease areas on the head before they even got to the stage of coal exploration. On 4 May 2022, the NSW government officially ruled out releasing a third area earmarked for coal exploration on Wollemi’s border after receiving more than 26,000 emails from Wilderness Society supporters. And it's the most spectacular and precious of all.

This area, Ganguddy-Kelgoola, is home to two state forests that are currently being assessed for addition to the National Heritage List, as a step towards inscribing them in the Blue Mountains World Heritage Area. The forest is home to nationally listed threatened species including the critically endangered regent honeyeater, endangered glossy black cockatoo and the endangered spotted-tailed quoll.

Coal exploration would have put this spectacular natural area of deep gorges, river valleys and eucalyptus forest—which continues to hold significance to Wiradjuri, Dharug, Wanaruah and Darkinjung people—at risk.

Thank to your support, Ganguddy-Kelgoola is now safe.

We need to keep up pressure on the NSW government to protect them forever.